Highways in Bible Times

Even before the times of the kings, carriage roads existed in Israel, including the king’s highway, a toll road for public use, (Numbers 20:17). All roads leading to the cities of refuge, according to the Hebrew Talmud, had to be well-maintained, 48 feet wide, and equipped with bridges and signposts marking the way. 

It also stated that they even had to make roads safe for camel riding! No branches, balconies, or other projections could overhang roads or darken streets. Within city limits it was unlawful to pour water on roads or drop things from carts. Or to leave building materials, broken glass, or even thorns along streets. And anyone causing road damage had to pay for repairs.

Good roads were necessary

Good roads with proper signposts were required by Jewish law because two factors in particular necessitated them.

  • It was important people could reach the cities of refuge.
  • And it was paramount to reach first the tabernacle, and later the temple, for worship.

In New Testament times the Romans, to make governing their widespread empire easier, added more roads. In particular, six main highways which were built mainly for soldiers and government officials, like those who took Paul to his trial before Felix. Or such as the centurion who met Christ along the road to Capernaum.

They carried news from near and far.

And these roads carried the news from Nazareth near and far. The nation’s busiest and only international highway passed through Nazareth, in Galilee. Connecting Rome with Damascus, it joined another road from Samaria, also leading to Nazareth, before going on to Ptolemais, along Galilee’s coastline.

Which strategically placed Nazareth along one of the great highways of world commerce. So that news from Nazareth re-echoed throughout Palestine, carrying even to the far lands of both East and West.

News from Nazareth, strategically placed along one of the world’s greatest highways, echoed far and wide. Good News that still re-echos throughout the world and for all time!

And there Christ found Matthew Levi.

It was along that busiest of roads Christ found Matthew Levi, calling him to a new work. To become a highway for the King, taking his Gospel into the world.

We really know little about Matthew. But as a tax collector, it would have put him at the opposite end of the spectrum from the other disciples – politically, socially, and financially. Tax collectors often amassed large sums of money, even though theirs was an unpaid position. They made their profits by cheating the people. And because of this, devout Jews despised and avoided them.

But Christ was teaching his disciples how to become good neighbors.

“I have come to bring forgiveness and to teach you to forgive,” he taught. He wanted his followers to get along with everyone. To love and accept all. And to understand that he could change anyone. “Love your neighbor, and your enemy. Love one and all, and do them good,” he said.

That Good News echoed near and wide from Nazareth. And it still echoes today.

That Good News from Nazareth echoed near and far, and it still resounds today. For just as he called Matthew, Christ continues to call people today. “Come, follow me,” he says.”Become a highway for the King.”

People today still need refuge. The refuge found in the Good News from Nazareth – that continues to resonate around the world.

In our rapidly changing world, we will likely meet many like Matthew Levi. Untrustworthy scoundrels, ready to take advantage of others. And our instinct is to avoid these who seem impossible of reform.

But Christ was teaching them to embrace.

He knew Matthew was a scoundrel. Yet he wanted his disciples to embrace such people, not avoid them. He understood that it is often those people who are more apt to realize their great need. “It is the sick who need a doctor, not the healthy,” he told them. 

He took Matthew in and changed his life around. And in doing so, turned the other disciples’ world upside down. Teaching them to go the unhealthy and sinners, even thieves like Matthew. Showing them that everyone was their neighbor, whom he wanted them to love.

He wants to turn our world upside down too. So he sends us to the sick and the sinners. To love everyone as a neighbor, even our enemies.

We are called to become highways for the King. Leading others to our city of refuge – Jesus.

Come after me and I will make you fishers of men.

Matthew 4:19 WEB

Purpose of these Bible Times posts:
Their main purpose is to bring the fascinating world of the Bible to life through the customs, traditions, and places of its peoples, making the Bible speak to us in a more dynamic way and increase our understanding of Scripture. CLICK HERE to learn more and see the Sources I use for these posts.

Source: Sketches of Jewish Social Life, Chapter 4 Travelling in Palestine by Alfred Edersheim, in public domain.

Image credits: Caravan. Others by LUMO Project,, all rights reserved, educational use only: Shepherd | Collecting taxes.

4 replies on “Highways in Bible Times”

This has brought a lot of clarity to me! Roads have been very symbolic to me in my walk with Christ (for multiple reasons). But I don’t know why I’ve never thought about this before, till now.

I also use and it’s so nice to see someone else use it too 🙂


I’m blessed that this post spoke to you, T.R. We are on an ongoing journey with Christ, so the paths and roads we take really are of great importance. It is odd how sometimes we can overlook what really is fairly obvious, for sure. Which is why it’s so important to listen for the Holy Spirit’s gentle nudges. Thankfully he is always leading us and speaking to us! is a great site, isn’t it? And I also love the way everyday things can bring the Lord’s teachings to life! Be blessed.

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